The horizontal and vertical machining centers perform different functions based on how they are designed.
The horizontal machining center is a type of machining center equipment in which the spindle axis is located parallel to the worktable.
Meanwhile, a vertical machining center, also called a vertical milling machine, is used for flat parts that must possess through-holes. Nevertheless, it is chosen for the three-axis works.
However, for you to obtain a high-quality horizontal machining center, you need to contact a reputable and renowned horizontal machining center manufacturer to save your hard-earned money.
The horizontal machining centers process workpiece that is usually very huge, and it is not easy to set up. It is difficult to observe the process of processing, and the debugging and operation are quite not easy.
Nevertheless, the vertical machining center is not difficult to operate, to clamp, to debug the program, and to monitor the processing situation.
2. The main shaft
The horizontal machining center is a machining center that horizontally has its spindle, and the vertical machining center is a machining center that vertically has its spindle.
The horizontal machining center worktable can move only in Y or X direction. The table is commonly a rotary table with a screw-hole table of dot matrix, and it is fairly simple to select the transferable double table.
While the worktable of the vertical machining center is usually a T-slot table style that has a cross slide design.
Also, they have two types of motion mechanisms controlling the vertical directional movement of the table. The worktable of X-feed is sheltered by the rail controller for Y-feed on.
4. Chip removal
There is easy removal of chips when the horizontal machining center is processing, and also, the condition at which it processes is quite ideal.
However, during vertical machining center processing a concave surface or cavity, the chips are difficult to be ejected.
In some serious cases, it can destroy the equipment, cause problems in the processing of smooth processing, and destroy the processed surface.
The horizontal machining center column has to be a column that is moving. The vertical T-shaped type of horizontal machining center column can move in the X-direction.
While the T-shape type of horizontal machining center column that is inverted moves in a Z direction.
The design of the mobile necessitates that the column should be lightweight on the ground of sufficient rigidity. In solving this kind of problem, foreign equipment always uses steel plate welding designs to give a solution to such a problem.
Whereas, the vertical machining centers’ columns are commonly created to be strong as to pursue rigidity and do not move as well. Though, there is vertical machining centers’ column that moves.
Also, the kind of movement performed by the table of the moving vertical machining center column is X or Y movement, while it column performs Y or X movement respectively.
This structured technique possesses a higher power necessary for the motor that drives the column.
6. Processing objects
The horizontal machining center tends to have a complete process of four other surfaces after a single clamping. The only exception is the top surface and the installation surface. It is more appropriate for box parts processing.
After the head of the angle is installed, the processing of pentahedron can be attained.
For the vertical machining center, there is a limitation by tool change device and column height. It has difficulty in processing parts that are too high.
However, it is appropriate for processing sleeves, discs, and plate parts. The processed workpiece size is comparatively small.
In case you want to get the side workpiece process, you have to include an angle. If there is an installation of a rotary table on the worktable that allows rotation along the horizontal axis, it can be employed in processing spiral parts.
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